Early Classic (Chun-On ceramic complex, A.D. 300-600)
During the Early Classic, the Muyil settlement constructed several early
platforms which are not visible today, but which we believe lie beneath the
plaza of the Entrance Plaza Group, the Great Platform, and the Temple 8
precinct. Based upon the ceramics
recovered from the two test pits (5 and 6) excavated at the Entrance Plaza
Group, as discussed in Chapter 3 above, we believe that Structure 7H‑8 or
perhaps a substructure beneath it was built at the south side of the Plaza.
There is evidence that several of the house mounds visible today either were
constructed in the Early Classic, or were constructed in areas where Early
Classic peoples had dwelt formerly (Appendix 4).
During the Early Classic, Muyil's trade ties are indicated by the
presence of Balanza Black ceramics, similar to those of Barton Ramie and Coba,
but not reported elsewhere. Similarly, the Dos Arroyos Orange Polychrome
ceramics of Muyil and Coba are like those of Belize, Becan, and Kohunlich
(Robles 1990:257-258). Robles believes that because of the connection of Coba
with Belize, through the Balanza Black type, that perhaps the Dos Arroyos Orange
Polychrome, apparently manufactured in the Peten and Belize, reached Coba, (and
therefore by extension, Muyil) via Belize (Robles 1990:258). These connections
through the Early Classic are consistent with Muyil's settlement originating in
Belize and the northeast Peten.
At the same time that Coba and Muyil were in communication with Belize,
they also participated in a Quintana Roo area of ceramic homogeneity, which
included Kantunil Kin, Tancah, El Meco, and Xelha. This more local area was
marked by the use of Saban Unslipped: Becoob Variety inverted ovoid tecomates,
tecomates of Cetelac Fibre-tempered, and Tituc Orange Polychrome, a local copy
of Dos Arroyos Orange Polychrome (Robles 1990:258).
Fish net weights are documented for the Early Classic at Muyil, and they
may date somewhat earlier than the Early Classic there. Subsistence strategies
included line or net fishing and fish remained part of the protein in the diet
throughout the occupation of the site. Fishing in the lagoons and surf is still
popular among natives and visitors alike.
The Early Classic served as preamble to major changes.
© Copyright 2000-2005 Walter R. T. Witschey Page last updated Wednesday, April 02, 2008